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For Greek and Roman antiquity, music maintained privileged links with the muses, not only through Euterpe who personified it, but as a principle that harmonizes the different fields of knowledge and arts. The muses dance, sing, play an instrument and form an ideal symphony. This ontological alliance between music and the founding myths comes in various forms in ancient traditions: gods and goddesses of music, heroes musicians, effective music that bears prophetic words. Its ineffable power, which is both speech and spell, as much spiritual than carnal, makes it an instrument of the power of the gods, demi-gods and heroes who populate ancient and modern legends. Questioning the relationship between myths and music is like exploring the mystery that defines it and underlies all its manifestations.

The purpose of this conference is to allow a broad reflection in space and time on the different forms of the relationship between myths and music. It aims to understand how the myths and legends that populate the imagination are revisited and adapted through the repertoires of early music, or, in other words, how composers seize literary repertoires and motifs from ancient mythology or other narrative backgrounds. How are myths addressed? What aspects of music do they highlight? What do they reveal about the ideals of their contemporaries?

Particular attention will be paid to developing anthropological reflection on the notion of myth applied to music, since the contribution of ethnological studies on Indian and Chinese civilizations has proved particularly important for understanding the myths of ancient civilizations.
In connection with the festival concerts, we invite researchers in musicology, historical anthropology, history of art and literature, musicians and luthiers to question in its multiple dimensions the place of music in myths, as myths in music. Proposals for papers may focus on early music works and actors, as well as on other traditions and cultural eras that provide essential insights.

The themes addressed will have to fall within (but not be limited to) the following fields of reflection:
- the founding myths of music, legends and other stories of invention
- allegories of music and musical figurations in iconography and literature
- heroes and heroines musicians : role and symbolism of musical performance in mythological narratives
- heroes and heroines set to music: quotations in sung texts, opera characters, mythological references in instrumental pieces
- mythical objects and instruments : models and legends in the history of ancient lutherie

Abstracts of up to one page should be sent to before 30 June 2018. The expected duration of each intervention should not exceed 30 minutes, including questions. The publication of the proceedings is planned in the digital journal associated with the Journées de Musiques Anciennes.